carry


carry
carry [{{t}}'kærɪ]
porter1(a), 1(c)-(e), 1(h), 1(i), 2 transporter1(b) transmettre1(b), 1(c), 1(f) adopter1(k) vendre1(l) retenir1(m)
(pt & pp carried)
1 transitive verb
(a) (bear → of person) porter; (→ heavy load) porter, transporter;
she carried her baby on her back/in her arms elle portait son enfant sur son dos/dans ses bras;
they carried the equipment across the bridge ils ont porté le matériel de l'autre côté du pont;
could you carry the groceries into the kitchen? pourrais-tu porter les provisions jusqu'à la cuisine?;
the porter carried the suitcases downstairs/upstairs le porteur a descendu/monté les bagages
(b) (convey, transport → of vehicle) transporter; (→ of river, wind) porter, emporter; (→ of pipe) acheminer, amener; (→ of airwaves, telephone wire) transmettre, conduire;
she ran as fast as her legs would carry her elle a couru à toutes jambes;
the current carried the raft out to sea le courant a emporté le radeau au large;
she carries all the facts in her head elle a tous les faits en mémoire;
he carried the secret to his grave il a emporté le secret dans la tombe;
to carry a tune chanter juste;
{{}}figurative{{}} to carry coals to Newcastle porter de l'eau à la rivière
(c) (be medium for → message, news) porter, transmettre; {{}}Medicine{{}} (→ disease, virus) porter;
rats carry diseases les rats sont porteurs de maladies
(d) (have on one's person → identity card, papers) porter, avoir (sur soi); (→ cash) avoir (sur soi); (→ gun) porter;
I don't carry much money about or on me je n'ai jamais beaucoup d'argent sur moi
(e) (comprise, include) porter, comporter; (have as consequence) entraîner;
to carry a risk comporter un risque;
to carry responsibility comporter des responsabilités;
our products carry a 6-month warranty nos produits sont accompagnés d'une garantie de 6 mois;
the crime carries a long sentence ce crime est passible d'une longue peine;
to carry weight/authority (of person, opinion) avoir du poids/de l'autorité
(f) (of magazine, newspaper) rapporter; (of radio, television) transmettre;
all the newspapers carried the story l'histoire était dans tous les journaux;
the banners carried anti-government slogans les bannières portaient des slogans anti-gouvernementaux
(g) (take, lead, extend)
to carry an argument to its logical conclusion aller au bout d'un raisonnement;
to carry sth too far pousser qch trop loin;
{{}}Military{{}} to carry the battle or fight into the enemy's camp faire du territoire ennemi le lieu du conflit; {{}}figurative{{}} attaquer l'ennemi sur son propre terrain
(h) (bear, hold) porter;
to carry oneself well (sit, stand) se tenir droit; (behave) bien se conduire ou se tenir;
to carry one's head high porter la tête haute
(i) (hold up, support → roof, weight) porter, supporter, soutenir;
also {{}}figurative{{}} to carry a heavy load porter un lourd fardeau
(j) (win)
she carried the audience with her le public était avec elle;
he carried all before him ce fut un triomphe pour lui;
to carry the day l'emporter
(k) (proposal → pass) adopter; (→ secure passage of) faire adopter ou passer;
the motion was carried la motion a été votée
(l) {{}}Commerce{{}} (deal in → stock) vendre, stocker
(m) {{}}Mathematics{{}} retenir;
add nine and carry one ajoute neuf et retiens un
(n) (be pregnant with) attendre;
she's carrying their fourth child elle est enceinte de leur quatrième enfant
2 intransitive verb
(ball, sound) porter
carry away separable transitive verb
(a) (remove) emporter, enlever; (of waves, wind) emporter
(b) (usu passive) (excite) he was carried away by his enthusiasm/imagination il s'est laissé emporter par son enthousiasme/imagination;
I got a bit carried away and spent all my money je me suis emballé et j'ai dépensé tout mon argent;
don't get too carried away! du calme!, ne t'emballe pas!
carry back separable transitive verb
(a) (bring → object) rapporter; (→ person) ramener
(b) (take → object) reporter; (→ person) remmener;
that carries me back to my youth cela me ramène à l'époque de ma jeunesse
carry down separable transitive verb
(a) (from upstairs) descendre
(b) (usu passive) (tradition) transmettre
carry forward separable transitive verb
{{}}Accountancy{{}} reporter;
carried forward report, à reporter;
carried forward from the previous year report de l'exercice précédent;
carried forward to the next year report à l'exercice suivant
carry off separable transitive verb
(a) (remove forcibly → goods) emporter, enlever; (→ person) enlever;
the thieves carried off all their jewellery les voleurs se sont enfuis avec tous leurs bijoux
(b) (award, prize) remporter
(c) (do successfully → aim, plan) réaliser; (→ deal, meeting) mener à bien;
to carry it off réussir le coup;
she carried it off beautifully elle s'en est très bien tirée
(d) {{}}euphemism{{}} (kill → of disease) emporter;
hundreds were carried off by the epidemic des centaines de personnes ont été emportées par l'épidémie
carry on
1 intransitive verb
(a) {{}}British{{}} (continue) continuer;
I carried on working or with my work j'ai continué à travailler, j'ai continué mon travail;
they carried on to the bitter end ils sont allés jusqu'au bout
(b) {{}}familiar{{}} (make a fuss) faire une histoire ou des histoires;
the way you carry on, you'd think I never did anything around the house à t'entendre, je n'ai jamais rien fait dans cette maison
(c) {{}}familiar{{}} (have affair)
to carry on with sb avoir une liaison avec qn;
he's carrying on with somebody else's wife il a une liaison avec ou il couche avec la femme d'un autre;
"Carry On" films = série de comédies britanniques des années 60 et 70 dont le titre commence toujours par "Carry On", célèbres pour leur humour plein de sous-entendus grivois
2 inseparable transitive verb
(a) {{}}British{{}} (continue → conversation, work) continuer, poursuivre; (→ tradition) entretenir, perpétuer;
we can carry on this conversation later nous pourrons poursuivre ou reprendre cette conversation plus tard
(b) (conduct → work) effectuer, réaliser; (→ negotiations) mener; (→ discussion) avoir; (→ correspondence) entretenir
carry out separable transitive verb
(a) (take away) emporter
(b) (perform → programme, raid) effectuer; (→ idea, plan) réaliser, mettre à exécution; (→ experiment) effectuer, conduire; (→ investigation, research, survey) conduire, mener; (→ instruction, order) exécuter;
the police carried out a search (of house, premises) la police a effectué une perquisition
(c) (fulfil → obligation) s'acquitter de; (→ wish) satisfaire à; (→ responsibilities) assumer;
he failed to carry out his promise il a manqué à sa parole, il n'a pas tenu ou respecté sa promesse;
to carry out one's (professional) duties s'acquitter de ses fonctions
carry over separable transitive verb
(a) (transport) faire traverser; {{}}figurative{{}} (transfer) reporter, transférer
(b) (defer, postpone) reporter;
to carry over one's holiday entitlement/tax allowance to the next year reporter ses congés/son abattement fiscal sur l'année suivante
(c) {{}}Accountancy{{}} reporter;
to carry over a loss to the following year reporter une perte sur l'année suivante
(d) {{}}Stock Exchange{{}} (shares) reporter, prendre en report
(e) {{}}Commerce{{}}
to carry over goods from one season to another stocker des marchandises d'une saison sur l'autre
carry through separable transitive verb
(a) (accomplish) réaliser, mener à bien ou à bonne fin
(b) (support) soutenir (dans une épreuve);
her love of life carried her through her illness sa volonté de vivre lui a permis de vaincre sa maladie

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